A curriculum vitae, or CV, is basically an extended version of a resume. While a resume is a concise, one-page document summarizing your most relevant experience, a CV usually runs three or more pages and may include separate sections for areas such as teaching experience, research, publications, and presentations.

When to use a CV

Traditionally, only job candidates with doctoral preparation needed CVs. Today, however, more employers are asking for CVs from applicants with master’s or even bachelor’s degrees. The CV is especially popular in Europe and in science fields.

A CV may be required when applying for:

  • Graduate or professional school
  • Research positions
  • Grants or fellowships
  • Academic positions, such as school principal, superintendent, or deans of school
  • Institutional research positions
  • Teaching, research, and upper-level administrative positions in higher education

Only use a CV when specifically requested. If you’re not sure whether to submit a resume or a CV for a particular position, don't hesitate to contact the organization to find out.

Tips on writing a CV

  • Send your CV with a concise cover letter that highlights your most relevant experience and accomplishments.
  • Proofread carefully!
  • Schedule a critique with an experienced career coach.